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Speech Therapy



Every child has their own pace for development and achievements but, if there is a concern that your child might be behind the curve, then speech therapy can be a great option. Speech therapy is the assessment and treatment for problems associated with communication problems and speech disorders that is performed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs), also known as speech therapists. Some techniques that include articulation therapy, language intervention activities, and others are used to improve communication. At Sands Speech Services, Kathleen Arenas, MA,CCC-SLP, is dedicated to finding the right plan to get your child on track. Reach out to us today to schedule a consultation and see if speech therapy is the right path for your family!


For your child, speech therapy may take place in a classroom or small group, or one-on-one, depending on the speech disorder. Speech therapy exercises and activities vary depending on your child’s disorder, age, and needs. During speech therapy for children, the SLP may:

  • interact through talking and playing, and using books, pictures other objects as part of language intervention to help stimulate language development

  • model correct sounds and syllables for a child during age-appropriate play to teach the child how to make certain sounds

  • provide strategies and homework for the child and parent or caregiver on how to do speech therapy at home


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Why is speech therapy needed?

There are several speech and language disorders that can be treated with speech therapy such as the following:

  • Articulation disorders. The inability to properly form certain word sounds. Example saying "thith" instead of "this". 

  • Fluency disorders. Affects the flow, speed, and rhythm of speech. Stuttering and cluttering are fluency disorders. 

  • Resonance disorders. Occurs when a blockage or obstruction of regular airflow in the nasal or oral cavities alters the vibrations responsible for voice quality. 

  • Receptive disorders. Trouble understanding and processing what others say. This can cause you to seem uninterested when someone is speaking, have trouble following directions, or have a limited vocabulary. 

  • Expressive disorders. Difficulty conveying or expressing information. If you have an expressive disorder, you may have trouble forming accurate sentences, such as using incorrect verb tense. 

  • Cognitive-communication disorders. Difficulty communicating because of an injury to the part of the brain that controls your ability to think is referred to as cognitive-communication disorder. It can result in memory issues, problem solving, and difficulty speaking, or listening. 

  • Aphasia. This is an acquired communication disorder that affects a person's ability to speak and understand others. It also often affects a person's ability to read and write. 

  • Dysarthria. Characterized by slow or slurred speech due to a weakness or inability to control the muscles used for speech. 


What are the signs that my child needs speech therapy?

While all children master the ability to speak at their own pace, and there is a wide age range that’s considered normal for certain speech and language milestones. However, some of the signs that your child may need support to improve their speech and language skills include:

Uses fewer than 20 words by 18 months

Uses only a few sounds in all words

Unclear or immature speech

Talks infrequently

Trouble using language socially

Difficulty recognizing letter sounds

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